Madison is a county in North Florida with a population of approximately 18,557. The largest city is Madison. Countywide, households have a median income of $35,240.

County Data
  • Population19K
  • Density (ppl/sq. mile)26.6
  • Median Income$35K
  • 2030 Proj. Housing Gap1,809 units

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Current Housing Supply Gap

A gap is the shortage of apartment homes based on current inventory and future construction. For the purposes of the data presented, housing supply gaps are broken down by income levels—based on how much those income groups can afford to pay for housing using HUD’s definition of household affordability. Read our full methodology here.

Currently there is a shortage of 356 apartments in Madison County regardless of income level. However, the overall shortage is not necessarily indicative of the inventory available to renters at lower income levels. The shortage is often larger for lower-income households. For households earning below $20,000 annually, the shortage is 462 units.

Future Housing Supply Gap

A future housing gap examines changes in population by income group based on state projections for 2030, as well as changes in supply based on average long-term production and loss of units through redevelopment and increases in price.

By 2030, estimates suggest that there will be a 1,809-unit gap for all households, and a shortage of 1,548 for households earning below $35,000 annually.

Madison County Residential Land Use

90% of all land used for homes in Madison County is currently single-family, while only 10% of residential land use supports apartment homes.

Madison County
  • Single-family
  • Multifamily


Household Income Distribution

49.7% of Madison County households earn less than $35,000 per year, above the state average of 29.6%. 9.8% of households earn more than $100,000, compared with 25.7% of total Florida households.

Unit Tenure Type

27% of Madison County residents rent their homes, compared with 34% statewide.